The Island of Mallorca enjoys a privileged
position in the Mediterranean as a crossroads between the
Spanish peninsula and Italy.
Its prized location made it attractive and consequently
much fought over, especially by early seafarers. The result
is that a rich variety of cultures have all influenced and
left their mark on the island, most notably Phoenician and
In more modern times Majorca serve as a geographical bridge
between our peninsula and Italy, this last acting as an
influential indicator of fashionable art style in Europe,
and also as an evident influence on the magnificent Mallorcan
The scale of the houses on the island, in addition to the
architectural style and often splendor, ensure that Mallorca’
s architectural heritage is comparable to any other region
of Spain, in terms of both quality and beauty.
"Son Nicolau" appears, first, in the XI Majorcan
encyclopedia around the mid 18th century, as the property
of Pere Antoni Nicolau. The encyclopedia also details the
renovations and extensions made a century later, including;
a chapel, a grand façade with arches on the ground
and first floors which bare a resemblance to those at “La
Palachina dei Plachere” a pavilion in the gardens
of the Farnesse family palace in Caprarola, Italy (renaissance
in style, with a pentagon shaped floor).
Imitating Italian tradition Mallorcan families had a town
house (casa Pairal) and a country house (Possessio). Son
meaning a house with rural land acts as a pre-fix to the
family name “Son Nicolau”.
The house also had a wall surrounding the orchid, which
is the basic concept of a historical garden “Hortus
Conclussus”. The design of the garden reflects the
style and the tone of the period. The influence of the great
Italian Villas, particularly; Raixa, Alfabia, La granja
and Son Moragues (to name but a few) is obvious in the many
magnificent examples of grand villas and mansions on the
island. Also of note is that Son Nicolau also figures amongst
the four engravings Muntaner produced in the 18th century.